What is the risk threshold for worsening scoliosis?

Health care providers measure scoliosis curves in degrees: A mild curve is less than 20 degrees. A moderate curve is between 25 degrees and 40 degrees. A severe curve is more than 50 degrees.
Anything less than 10 degrees is considered normal variation in a normal individual.
10 degrees is the threshold between scoliosis and spinal curvature. When you have a curve greater than 10 degrees, this is the threshold for treatment.
Mild scoliosis is the most responsive to exercise treatment.
Moderate scoliosis may be treated with exercise too, but wearing a medically prescribed brace is sometimes recommended as well.
We take action to prevent it from worsening by monitoring it. We use scoliosis-specific exercises, and if they are not effective and the scoliosis continues to grow, we have to start a more aggressive scoliosis exercise or combine it with bracing.
The younger you are when you are first diagnosed with scoliosis puts you at a higher risk of your spine growing into a more severe curve because your bones have not finished growing . For this reason, we may recommend bracing for younger patients who have not reached the 30-degree threshold where we would ordinarily consider a brace. If you already have a curve greater than 30 degrees we aim to prevent it from progressing to 50 degrees, which is the surgical threshold.
degrees of scoliosis

If scoliosis is detected early enough there is greater scope for treatment.

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Who is at risk of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated “S” or “C” shape; the bones of the spine are also slightly twisted or rotated.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis presents between the ages of 11 and 17 years of age.

Girls are six times more likely than boys to be diagnosed with it . Ballerinas, competitive swimmers and gymnasts have a higher risk of developing scoliosis. If you have a family history of scoliosis your chances of developing it are six percent. These chances rise to 34 percent if you have a twin with scoliosis, and 74 percent if you have an identical twin with scoliosis.

adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

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