About Scoliosis and Kyphosis


Scoliosis is a progressive lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine. It is most often first detected in childhood or early adolescence. The most common type of scoliosis is called ‘Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis’.


Kyphosis is the term used to describe the front to back curve of the spine which causes a ‘hunching’ / forward bending. This sort of curve is normal for the mid back, provided it is not too little or too much. A hyperkyphosis (too much hunching/forward bending) can be associated with posture and disease. In adolescents it can be slowed, stopped and even reversed with bracing and specific exercise. In older adults hyperkyphosis can be associated with pain and in these cases, specific exercise and bracing can help eliminate back pain.

Quick facts

  • 2-4% of children will develop some form of Scoliosis.
  • Scoliosis is more common in girls.
  • There is often a family history of Scoliosis.
  • Scoliosis can progress rapidly in adolescents as they undergo their growth spurts.
  • Early detection and intervention is essential for the best long term results.
  • Untreated Scoliosis can progress and may require surgery.
  • Scoliosis can also develop at other ages:
    – In babies (Infantile Scoliosis)
    – In children 7-10 years old (Juvenile Scoliosis)
    – In adults (De Novo Scoliosis) as a result of spinal degeneration and aging.